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Is the Septuagint Accurate?

The Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint is not the inspired, infallible, inerrant, preserved word of God. It has errors and is inaccurate. It should not be used as a source.

Hebrew Cannot Be Preserved in Greek

We do have God's preserved word today. The Bible tells us that God would preserve his word. If you can't trust that, what can you trust? God's word is inerrant and preserved. If it's not, then there is no reason or hope to study it. Psalms 12:6-7 says, "The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever." Psalms 119:89 says, "LAMED. For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in heaven. " Isaiah 40:8 tells us, "The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand for ever." Matthew 5:18 says, "For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled." If we do not have the preserved word of God today, then Jesus was wrong. Matthew 24:35, "Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away." If Jesus was wrong about what he said, then the word cannot be trusted. 1 Peter 1:23 says, "Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever." Deuteronomy 8:3 we are told that man shall live by "every word that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord." How can we live by every word if we don't have the preserved word of God? The Hebrew of the Old Testament cannot be preserved in another language. Psalm 119, for example, has twenty two sections of eight verses that begin with a word that starts with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The first begins with Aleph, the next Beth, the third uses Gimel, then Daleth, and so on. No other language shows this relationship and the information is not seen in a translation. Another issue to note is that the meaning of words used in prophecy can have multiple meanings. The meaning will not necessarily be known until the prophecy is fulfilled. When the words are translated into another language, the translators may use words that do not contain all the Hebrew meanings and may add some not in the original words. God's word in Hebrew cannot be perfectly translated into Greek.

Ethiopia Is Not Cush

Genesis 2:10-14 describes four rivers at the Garden of Eden; the Hiddekel which is the Tigris, the Euphrates, the Pison and the Gihon. The Gihon went around the land of Cush. The KJV incorrectly translates this as Ethiopia but the Hebrew actually says Cush. The two are not the same. The Septuagint in Genesis 2:13 says, "And the name of the second river is Geon, this it is which encircles the whole land of Ethiopia." The Greek says Aethiopia. The land cannot be Ethiopia. If it were Ethiopia then that would mean when Moses wrote this down, the river would have to flow around Ethiopia, cross the Great Rift Valley, cross over the Blue Nile, flow northward along the Nile without joining it, cross the Sinai Peninsula, cross the Arabian Peninsula and meet up with the Euphrates in Iraq at the north end of the Persian Gulf. It would have to go uphill and downhill. It would have to cross other bodies of water. It would have to flow farther than the Nile which is more than 4,000 miles long. Such a theory is not well thought out. It is just plain and simply wrong. So is the Septuagint when is uses Aethiopia instead of Cush.

Methuselah Did Not Survive the Flood

Genesis 5:26-31 records, "And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech: And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters: And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died. And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son: And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed. And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters: And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died." According to the Bible Methuselah lived 782 years after Lamech was born and 600 years after Noah was born. Genesis 7:6 lets us know Noah was six hundred years old when the flood came. Methuselah was not on the ark. He died within a year of the flood. What does the Septuagint say? "And Mathusala lived an hundred and sixty and seven years, and begot Lamech. And Mathusala lived after his begetting Lamech eight hundred and two years, and begot sons and daughters. And all the days of Mathusala which he lived, were nine hundred and sixty and nine years, and he died. And Lamech lived an hundred and eighty and eight years, and begot a son. And he called his name Noe, saying, This one will cause us to cease from our works, and from the toils of our hands, and from the earth, which the Lord God has cursed. And Lamech lived after his begetting Noe, five hundred and sixty and five years, and begot sons and daughters. And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred and fifty-three years, and he died." The Septuagint has Methuselah living 802 years after Lamech was born and Lamech having a son Noah at 188. That means that that Methuselah lived 614 years after Noah was born. The flood came in the 600th year of Noah's life. Eight people survived. Methuselah if he was alive, was not one of them. He died shortly before or during the flood. The numbers in the Septuagint have Methuselah living 14 yeas after the flood. The Septuagint has a different length of years in Genesis chapter five for the time between the father and son for Adam to Seth, Seth to Enos, Enos to Cainan, Cainan to Mahalalel, Mahalalel to Jared, Enoch to Methuselah, Methuselah to Lamech and Lamech to Noah. The time each one of these patriarchs lived after their son was born is also different between the Septuagint and the Bible. The Septuagint is wrong about Methuselah's length of life after Lamech. It disagrees with itself. Therefore, we know it is wrong about the rest of the years. The Hebrew is correct. The Greek is wrong.

Judith Has Nebuchadnezzar as King of Nineveh

If the Septuagint were correct the Book of Judith would not have been translated with it. Judith 1:7 refers to "Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians, who reigned in Ninive the great city," Nabuchodonosor is thought to be another name for Nebuchadnezzar the son of Nabopolassar who was king of Babylon and destroyed Nineveh. Judith 4:1-2 says, "Now the children of Israel, that dwelt in Judea, heard all that Holofernes the chief captain of Nabuchodonosor king of the Assyrians had done to the nations, and after what manner he had spoiled all their temples, and brought them to nought. Therefore they were exceedingly afraid of him, and were troubled for Jerusalem, and for the temple of the Lord their God:" This refers to the time when Nebuchadnezzar ruled Babylon shortly before the first temple was destroyed. This lets us know the Nabuchodonosor of Judith is the Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Judith is wrong because Nebuchadnezzar was not king of Assyria. Judith is wrong because he did not rule from the Nineveh which had been destroyed but instead Babylon.

Bel and the Dragon Claims Daniel Was in the Lions Den Seven Days

Bel and the Dragon is found in the exetnded book of Daniel in chapter 14. Verses 30-42 of this book claims, "So they came to the king, and said, Deliver us Daniel, or else we will destroy thee and thine house. Now when the king saw that they pressed him sore, being constrained, he delivered Daniel unto them: Who cast him into the lions' den: where he was six days. And in the den there were seven lions, and they had given them every day two carcases, and two sheep: which then were not given to them, to the intent they might devour Daniel. Now there was in Jewry a prophet, called Habbacuc, who had made pottage, and had broken bread in a bowl, and was going into the field, for to bring it to the reapers. But the angel of the Lord said unto Habbacuc, Go, carry the dinner that thou hast into Babylon unto Daniel, who is in the lions' den. And Habbacuc said, Lord, I never saw Babylon; neither do I know where the den is. Then the angel of the Lord took him by the crown, and bare him by the hair of his head, and through the vehemency of his spirit set him in Babylon over the den. And Habbacuc cried, saying, O Daniel, Daniel, take the dinner which God hath sent thee. And Daniel said, Thou hast remembered me, O God: neither hast thou forsaken them that seek thee and love thee. So Daniel arose, and did eat: and the angel of the Lord set Habbacuc in his own place again immediately. Upon the seventh day the king went to bewail Daniel: and when he came to the den, he looked in, and behold, Daniel was sitting. Then cried the king with a loud voice, saying, Great art Lord God of Daniel, and there is none other beside thee. And he drew him out, and cast those that were the cause of his destruction into the den: and they were devoured in a moment before his face." What does the Bible say in Daniel 6:16-23? "Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel, Thy God whom thou servest continually, he will deliver thee. And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel. Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of musick brought before him: and his sleep went from him. Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the den of lions. And when he came to the den, he cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel: and the king spake and said to Daniel, O Daniel, servant of the living God, is thy God, whom thou servest continually, able to deliver thee from the lions? Then said Daniel unto the king, O king, live for ever. My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him innocency was found in me; and also before thee, O king, have I done no hurt. Then was the king exceeding glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God." Daniel was in only one night. Bel and The Dragon incorrectly has him being released on the seventh day. The Bible says the den was sealed. Bel and Dragon wrongfully has Habbacuc feeding Daniel. The Septuagint is wrong and should have never included this.

Alms Do not Wash Away Sin

Tobit 12:9 says, "For alms doth deliver from death, and shall purge away all sin. Those that exercise alms and righteousness shall be filled with life:" See the English Translation of the Greek Septuagint Bible. On the other hand Ephesians 2:8 makes it clear, "For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:" Romans 4:3 explains that "Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness." Abraham was justified by faith and not by works. Works did not save people before Jesus died on the cross for our sins and they do not save you now.

Once You Know the Septuagint is Not the Word of God You Will Understand the Differences are Errors in the Septuagint

#ReferenceWhat the Septuagint SaysWhat the Bible Says
1Genesis 2:13EthiopiaCush
2Genesis 2:15delightEden
3Genesis 3:8afternooncool of the day
4Genesis 4:26he hoped to call on the name of the Lord Godthen men began to call upon the name of Lord
5Genesis 5:3Adam was 230 years old when Seth was bornThe Bible says 130 years.
6Genesis 5:4700 years800 years
7Genesis 5:6205 years105 years
8Genesis 5:7707 years807 years
9Genesis 5:9190 years90 years
10Genesis 5:10715 years815 years
11Genesis 5:12170 years70 years
12Genesis 5:13740 years840 years
13Genesis 5:15165 years65 years
14Genesis 5:16730 years830 years
15Genesis 5:21165 years65 years
16Genesis 5:22200 years300 years
17Genesis 5:25167 years187 years
18Genesis 5:26802 years782 years
19Genesis 5:28188 years182 years
20Genesis 5:30565 years595 years
21Genesis 5:31753 years777 years
22Genesis 6:7-8cattlebeasts
23Genesis 6:14-15square woodgopher wood
24Genesis 7:11the flood came in the twenty seventh day of the second month of Noah's lifethe flood came in the seventeenth day of the second month of Noah's life
25Genesis 8:3twenty seventh dayseventeenth day
26Genesis 10:2adds a son named Elisa to of Japeth's children
27Genesis 10:10BabylonBabel
28Genesis 10:22adds a son named Cainan to Shem's children
29Genesis 10:24adds a son between Arphaxad and Selah named Cainan
30Genesis 10:32Gentilesnations
31Genesis 11:12135 years35 years
32Genesis 11:12Arphaxad had a son named CainanArphaxad had a son named Selah
33Genesis 11:13400 years403 years
34Genesis 11:13Adds 130 years to the chronology with Cainan having a son named Seth instead of Arphaxad being the father of Selah
35Genesis 11:14130 years30 years
36Genesis 11:15330 years403 years
37Genesis 11:16134 years34 years
38Genesis 11:17270 years430 years
39Genesis 11:18130 years30 years
40Genesis 11:20232 years32 years
41Genesis 11:22130 years30 years
42Genesis 11:24179 years29 years
43Genesis 11:25125 years119 years
44Genesis 12:20Lot was with Abraham in EgyptThe Bible does not say that
45Genesis 13:12Lot pitched his tent in SodomLot pitched his tent toward Sodom
46Genesis 14:5Omits the Zuzim in HamIncludes Zuzim in Ham
47Genesis 14:6Adds a reference to the turpentine tree
48Genesis 14:7They cut in pieces all the princes of AmalecThey smote all the country of the Amalekites
49Genesis 14:11cavalrygoods
50Genesis 14:14nephewbrother
51Genesis 14:16cavalrygoods
52Genesis 14:16nephewbrother
53Genesis 15:2Adds that Eliezer was the son of Masek Abraham's home-born female slave
54Genesis 15:11Abraham sat down by them (sacrifices or the birds)Abraham drove away the birds
55Genesis 15:21Adds the Evites
56Genesis 17:14Adds on the eighth day
57Genesis 17:20Ishmael would have 12 nationsIshmael would have 12 princes
58Genesis 20:14Adds a thousand pieces of silver
59Genesis 21:22Adds Ochozath his friend
60Genesis 21:32Adds Ochozath his friend
61Genesis 22:2high landthe land of Moriah
62Genesis 22:13a plant of Sabeca thicket
63Genesis 22:21SyriansAram
64Genesis 23:15didrachmsshekels
65Genesis 23:16didrachmsshekels
66Genesis 23:17double caveMachpelah [Machpelah means double or portion but is cannot be shown whether this applies to the field, the cave or something else.]
67Genesis 23:19double cavecave of the field of Machpelah
68Genesis 24:21drachm half a shekel weight
69Genesis 24:55And her brethren and her mother said, Let the virgin remain with us about ten days, and after that she shall depart.And her brother and her mother said, Let the damsel abide with us a few days, at the least ten; after that she shall go. Brethren is plural. Brother is singular. About ten days is different than at least ten days.
70Genesis 25:9double cavecave of Machpelah
71Genesis 26:14many tilled landsgreat store of servants
72Genesis 27:43Adds into Mesopotamia
73Genesis 28:2MesopotamiaPadanaram
74Genesis 28:5MesopotamiaPadanaram
75Genesis 28:19Ulam-luzLuz
76Genesis 29:1went to the land of the east to Laban, the son of Bathuel the Syrian, and the brother of Rebecca, mother of Jacob and Esaucame into the land of the people of the east
77Genesis 30:14barley-harvestwheat harvest
78Genesis 30:14apples of mandrakesmandrakes
79Genesis 30:35greybrown
80Genesis 30:37storax tree and walnut and plane-treegreen poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut tree
81Genesis 30:39Adds ash-colored
82Genesis 30:40speckled and variegatedringstraked and brown
83Genesis 31:8whiteringstraked
84Genesis 31:10speckled and variegated and spotted with ash-coloured spotsringstraked, speckled, and grisled
85Genesis 31:12speckled and variegated and spotted with ash-coloured spotsringstraked, speckled, and grisled
86Genesis 31:18MesopotamiaPadanaram
87Genesis 31:41thou didst falsely rate my wages for ten lambsthou hast changed my wages ten times
88Genesis 31:42yesterdayyesternight
89Genesis 33:18Mesopotamia of SyriaPadanaram
90Genesis 33:19lambspieces of money
91Genesis 35:4turpentine treeoak tree
92Genesis 35:9Mesopotamia of SyriaPadanaram
93Genesis 35:21Omits this phrase and brings the first part of verse 22 into verse 21And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar
94Genesis 35:26Mesopotamia of SyriaPadanaram
95Genesis 36:21RisonDishon
96Genesis 36:23GolamAlvan
97Genesis 36:24Ana who found Jamin in the wildernessAnah that found the mules in the wilderness
98Genesis 36:28RisonDishan
99Genesis 36:30RisonDishan
100Genesis 36:35GetthaimAvith
101Genesis 36:39Arad the son of BaradHadar
102Genesis 36:39PhogorPau
103Genesis 36:40GolaAlvah
104Genesis 36:43ZaphoinIram
105Genesis 37:28goldmoney (silver)
106Genesis 38:14gates of Aenanopen place
107Genesis 38:21Aenan by the way-sideopenly by the way side
108Genesis 39:1officer of Pharaoheunuch of Pharaoh
109Genesis 40:2eunuchsofficers
110Genesis 43:11gum and honey, and frankincense, and stacte, and turpentine, and walnutsa little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds
111Genesis 45:10Gesem of ArabiaGoshen
112Genesis 45:22goldmoney (silver)
113Genesis 45:23mulesfemale donkeys
114Genesis 45:23breadcorn and bread
115Genesis 46:13AsumJob
116Genesis 46:15Mesopotamia of SyriaPadanaram
117Genesis 46:16AngisHaggi
118Genesis 46:16AedisEri
119Genesis 46:17JeulIsui
120Genesis 46:20adds "And there were sons born to Manasses, which the Syrian concubine bore to him, even Machir And Machir begot Galaad And the sons of Ephraim, the brother of Manasses; Sutalaam, and Taam And the sons of Sutalaam; Edom"
121Genesis 46:21deletes "Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard as sons of Benjamin and gives Gera, and Noeman, and Anchis, and Ros, and Mamphim to his sons Belah" and adds "And Gera begot Arad"
122Genesis 46:22eighteenfourteen
123Genesis 46:27ninetwo
124Genesis 46:27seventy-fiveseventy
125Genesis 46:34Gesem of ArabiaGoshen
126Genesis 47:12cornbread
127Genesis 47:13cornbread
128Genesis 48:7Mesopotamia of SyriaPadanaram
129Genesis 48:8as I drew night to the horse-course of Chabratha of the land [of Chanaan], so as to come to Ephrathawhen yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath
130Genesis 48:22And I give to thee Sicima, a select portion above thy brethrenMoreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren
131Genesis 49:6in their passion they houghed a bullin their selfwill they digged down a wall
132Genesis 49:14Issachar has desired that which is good; resting between the inheritancesIssachar is a strong [donkey] couching down between two burdens
133Genesis 49:15husbandmana servant unto tribute
134Genesis 49:21Nephthalim is a spreading stem, bestowing beauty on its fruitNaphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words
135Genesis 49:22Joseph is a son increased; my dearly loved son is increased; my youngest son, turn to meJoseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall
136Genesis 49:24he that strengthened Israel from the God of thy fatherthence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel
137Genesis 49:27gives fooddivide the spoil
138Genesis 49:30double cavecave that is in the field of Machpelah
139Genesis 50:13double cavecave of the field of Machpelah
140Exodus 1:5seventy-fiveseventy
141Exodus 6:20132137
142Exodus 13:18and in the fifth generation the children of Israel went up out of the land of Egyptand the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt
143Exodus 14:21south windeast wind
144Exodus 14:25axle-trees of their chariots were boundthe LORD took off the Egyptians' chariot wheels
145Exodus 15:27stems of palm treespalm trees
146Exodus 22:18sorcererswitch
147Exodus 30:13didrachmshekel
148Exodus 30:13oboligerah

The Septuagint Changes Names From the Hebrew

1Genesis 2:10EdemEden
2Genesis 4:16EdemEden
3Genesis 4:18GaidadIrad
4Genesis 4:22ThobelTubalcain
5Genesis 10:4RhodiansDodanim
6Genesis 10:8NebrodNimrod
7Genesis 10:12DaseResen
8Genesis 14:5Ommaeans in the city SaveEmims in Shaveh Kiriathaim
9Genesis 23:2ArbocKirjatharba
10Genesis 41:45PsonthomphanechZaphnathpaaneah

The Septuagint Is Not God's Word

God said he would preserve his word which cannot be done in Greek. The Septuagint has outright errors in it. It has many others differences in it from the Masoretic text. Once we know the Septuagint is not God's word we will understand the differences are a result of errors in the Greek which are many. By itself there is no way of knowing when it is correct or when it is wrong. It cannot be used as God's word.

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